Bee Varieties Range
Away from 2009 so you’re able to 2018, 192 bee diversity (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) was actually trapped within the Calanques Federal Playground through one another online and might dish pitfall collection. It belonged in order to half dozen household and 38 genera. Megachilidae are probably the extremely categories-rich family relations, followed by Apidae and Halictidae, which have 53, forty two, and you may 43 groups, respectively. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 is basically brand new wealthiest genus, having 33 variety, if you find yourself seven genera had been illustrated from the only one kinds (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Table step one [on line simply] ). By using the jackknife step 1 and you can dos spiders, the fresh bee varieties fullness is simply projected are ranging from ± 9.89 and ± . This new seen richness hence illustrated 71.step three in order to 79.6% of your own estimated bee fullness ( Desk dos). Brand new Chao1 approach estimated the fresh new viewed fullness to locate 76.8% of your prospective maximum fullness ( Dining table dos). The essential plentiful varieties is basically Apis mellifera L. (276 some body), having Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and you will 168 individuals, respectively), and you can Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 individuals). Ultimately, 50 groups (26%) have been depicted of the only 1 personal (singletons).
Ecosystem Properties off Bees
Regarding the environmental features from nesting requires, i understood 59 single bee variety nesting above floor, ninety five solitary bee diversity nesting underground and you will 23 cleptoparasitic variety, similar to 30.seven, 47.nine, and several.0% of one’s over bee diversity richness, respectively. I idea of four individual variety (bumble bees and you may honey bees-dos.1%). Sooner or later, the newest nesting needs regarding fourteen range are nevertheless unfamiliar (eight.3%- Supp Table the first step [on the internet merely] ). About your floral diet from bee categories, we found that 105 sizes (54.7%) foraged toward of a lot bush species (i.decades., generalist assortment, polylectic) and you may 51 species (twenty-six.5%) foraged on a single bush nearest and dearest otherwise you to/few bush species (i.age., elite group types, oligolectic). To your remaining thirty-six bee range (18.8%), the flowery eating plan wasn’t recognized (e.grams., with cleptoparasitic kinds). perhaps not, extremely generalist kinds demonstrated a preference for example otherwise a variety away from plant families ( Supp Desk step one [on the web only] ). Towards the forty-two singletons, 14 bee categories (28%) ended up being specialists, and you will nine bee types (18%) was basically cleptoparasitic ( Supp Dining table step 1 [on the internet simply] ).
A passionate IUCN position can easily be bought for 178 diversity (leaving out the classes houses and you will not known sizes). One particular, 47 models are categorized once the investigation lacking (DD-twenty six.4%), 124 types have been at least worried (LC-69.6%), half a dozen varieties was near threatened (NT-step 3.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and you will L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), and another species is believed endangered (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Dining table step 1 [on the web simply] ). Around three oligolectic kinds was one of several seven endangered bee products. Good. ovatula and you will C. albomaculatus is expert into Fabaceae, D. argentata is actually a specialist towards Caprifoliaceae.
Out of 2009 so you’re able to 2018, 38 variety of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) was indeed trapped in to the Calanques National Playground. They belonged to help you twenty-four genera ( Supp Dining table 2 find here [online just] ). The quintessential numerous genera was basically Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 some one), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (fourteen somebody), and you can Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de– Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville into the Latreille, 1828 (thirteen some one), while 20 sizes (53%) was basically portrayed regarding the singular private ( Supp Desk dos [online merely] ). The newest bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) was illustrated of your 20 variety, and additionally four singletons (25%) ( Supp Table 3 [on line merely] ). The fresh quotation off full range fullness away-out-of hover flies and you may bee flies are anywhere between 83 and you can 97 kinds making use of the jackknife step 1 and you can dos spiders, respectively. Therefore, brand new viewed fullness represented 59.8–69.9% of one’s estimated hover travel and you will bee fly richness ( Desk 2).